Bad breath in cats: causes, treatment, and prevention
The smell of the mouth in cats is an unpleasant smell coming from the mouth with its various components of the teeth, gums, and tongue, and not because it is rumored that the air and breath coming from the lung or stomach are the explanation for this bad smell.
What causes bad breath?
Gum disease is primarily the foremost common explanation for bad breath in cats thanks to the buildup of plaque and tartar within the area separating the tooth and therefore the gums. Which nests during which the condition develops to the occurrence of calculus that accumulates constantly causing inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) and with the buildup of plaque, gingivitis develops into periodontitis (loss of the tooth abutment), with the change of the bacterial flora that’s naturally present within the mouth from good bacteria to harmful opportunistic bacteria.
With the event of the condition and therefore the arrival of bacterial infection to the periodontal ligament (which is that the animal tissue that connects the teeth to the jawbone) it causes the destruction of the dental abutment, and harmful bacteria cause cavity and generate foul-smelling sulfur compounds.
These sulfur compounds are very harmful to the oral tissues within the gums and teeth and cause severe damage to them, causing bacterial toxins and bacteria to enter the bloodstream, causing bacteremia and internal poisoning within the body.
Bad breath is additionally caused by:
- plaque-related bacteria
- lime (tartar)The decomposition of food particles trapped inside the periodontal pockets
- Constant bleeding thanks to blood coagulation problems
- tissue necrosis (tissue death)
How is bad breath treated?
Prevention is that the best weapon against bad breath in cats. First, it’s necessary to wash the teeth well and sweep them under the influence of general anesthesia if necessary, which ensures the removal and cleaning of plaque and tartar (calculus) above and below the gum line separating them from the teeth.
After the teeth are cleaned, a dental examination is completed individually and an intraoral X-ray is completed to finish the oral assessment and sometimes a tooth extraction with advanced gum disease or tooth resorption is required.
When periodontal pockets are small or when bleeding is detected on examination, topical antimicrobial treatments may help reduce bad breath by reducing bleeding and reducing pocket depths.
There are many products available that reduce plaque build-up by simply brushing the teeth, and that they are safe dental products that are proven to scale back plaque and tartar buildup supported scientific studies.
Oral care products containing zinc also can be used, which prevents bad odor through its natural appeal to sulfur; Where zinc and sulfide combine to make an insoluble zinc sulfide complex, zinc also prevents microbial growth and calcification of microbial deposits which will cause bad breath.
After identifying and eliminating the causes of bad breath, daily plaque control is an important part of controlling bad breath and preventing it from recurring.
Also, wiping the surface of the teeth and gums with a cotton bud twice daily is one of the foremost effective ways to get rid of and slow the buildup of plaque. it’s recommended to dip it in tuna water to assist its acceptance by the cat and ease cleaning. it’s also recommended to possess dental check-ups a minimum of twice a year to assist treat Bad breath treatment and prevention.